Pastoralists have for centuries struggled with drought, conflict and famine. They are resourceful, entrepreneurial and innovative peoples. Yet they have been ignored and marginalised by the states that control their territory and the development agencies who are supposed to help them. This book argues that, while we should not ignore the profound difficulties of creating secure livelihoods in the Horn of Africa, there is much to be learned from development successes, large and small. This book highlights the particular features of pastoral resource and land management commercialisation and marketing, as well as wider livelihood challenges in the Horn. A view of 'development at the margins' highlights innovation and entrepreneurialism, not just coping or adaptation. It emphasises cooperation and networking across borders, not just conflict and violence. Overall, diverse pathways are identified which move is beyond an 'aid' driven agenda to focus on the complex, uncertain and dynamic challenges and opportunities of the drylands.

Through a series of case-studies, framed by overview chapters, much can be learned from what pastoralists are actually doing in order to design interventions to support them at a local, national and regional level. For students and scholars, the book pulls together contemporary empirically grounded research on pastoralism in Africa to enable comparative discussions, debates and insights about pastoralism, development and social change.



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Andy Catley, Jeremy Lind, Ian Scoones